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effects of alcohol

Long term effects of alcohol in your body

Effects of alcohol

What happens in your body when you drink – both immediately and over time? Increases the risk of illness if you drink alcohol? And what diseases it is in this case about?

Effects of alcohol in the body

The alcohol found in beer, wine and spirits, it`s ethanol and the chemical formula C2H5OH. It is created in the fermentation processes, for example, when the grapes ferment into wine.
The alcohol is physiologically a drug that affects the brain and the rest of the body in different ways – a drug that is allowed in our society with certain limitations. As with other drugs stimulate the brain’s reward center but can also cause damage and create dependency.

The more alcohol you drink, the greater the risk you expose for the body – it is not difficult to realize. But even small amounts in long terms and short terms of alcohol abuse also increases the risk of certain diseases.

Sometimes it is claimed that moderate alcohol may even be good for health. But the truth is that alcohol has too many side effects to be recommended as a medicine. The protective effect of alcohol is furthermore far too uncertain, it only applies to older and only at low consumption. For men
in their 70s, these are at most for a glass of wine per day, and less than half a glass a day for women of the same age. If you are under 40, you get absolutely no health benefits of alcohol.

What happens in your body when you drink?

Drinking alcohol released dopamine, a neurotransmitter that may nervousness and some inhibitions to drop, while it seems calming and muscle relaxants. Alcohol also releases endorphins, a substance similar to morphine and produces feelings of peace and happiness. But that is only one side of the matter. Alcohol also represents a risk for body and health and it is good to know at least the main negative effects.

Effects of alcohol on the brain. Even after small amounts of alcohol you get poorer judgment, thinking, memory and reaction time. You sleep less and emotions are affected. At very high and long-term consumption shrinks the brain and you may experience epileptic seizures, dementia or other brain diseases.


Alcohol and heart disease

Low to moderate alcohol intake has no apparent adverse effects on the heart and blood vessels, but can possibly protect. Drinking large amounts of alcohol causes, however, a risk of injury. Heart rate and blood pressure increases when you drink alcohol. The risk of cardiac arrhythmias of various types increases, for example, atrial fibrillation. Alcohol cannot
be recommended for the prevention of coronary heart disease.


Alcoholic liver disease

It is the liver that takes the worst blow when you drink. It is the body’s detoxification center, and this is where the bulk of the alcohol is burned. If you drink moderately, the risk of loss is small, but drinking too much increases the risk that you suffer from fatty liver, jaundice or cirrhosis.


Alcohol and fertility

In women, the levels of male sex hormones increase in heavy drinking, while the level of female hormones drops. Women who drink heavily for a long time often have a more masculine look.
In men it is the opposite: Testosterone level decreases even at a normal filling, and over time, excessive alcohol consumption cause the testicles shrivel and that the body adopting more female forms.
Fertility – both in women and in men – decreases in alcohol consumption.


Alcohol and Sex

Alcohol removes nervousness and tension and can thus help to increase the sexual desire. But that does not mean that the capacity increases. On the contrary, alcohol can give impotence, both in the short and long term. This is partly due to alcohol decreases the levels of testosterone.

Differences between Men and Women
There are biological reasons why women should be more careful with alcohol than men. A woman can tolerate the
small amount of alcohol than a man of the same size does. This means that a woman who weighs as much as a man gets higher blood alcohol even if they drink the same amount.
The reason is that the female body contains less liquid that the alcohol can be mixed in. The alcohol is water soluble and women have less fat and body water than men. The liver, which is the organ that largely breaks down alcohol, are often smaller in women.


Alcohol and Sleep

Exactly how alcohol affects sleep researchers know not yet. What is known is that alcohol may facilitate sleep onset because it allowed us to relax. But after a period of use decreases this positive effect.
We also know that alcohol impairs the quality of sleep. That’s because alcohol affects the parts of the brain that controls sleep. During a normal night we pass the different stages of sleep depth. Alcohol disturbs these mechanisms and sleep is not deep


Alcohol and Exercise

No matter what you do affect your performance if you have drunk alcohol. Both when alcohol is in the body and when you burned it. Though exactly how performance is affected depends on the type of activity involved. All probably know that it is not successful to train just when you’ve been drinking. But the day after, avoid strenuous exercise. The alcohol affect the muscle cells, and alcohol decomposition products are toxic. The performance is impaired (tests have
shown that all the results will be worse) and the risk of damaging itself is much higher. Have you been drinking much training can additionally be harmful to the heart. So if you have drunk alcohol, equivalent to 2-3 glasses of wine or more, it is best to avoid strenuous exercise completely during the days that follow.